Whilst on my honeymoon in the Maldives we had some very nice wildlife sightings including a handful of mammals (the Maldives not being the most mammal rich country in the world) and a great highlight of several large whale sharks. Obviously there are ways to get more marine mammals out of a trip to the Maldives (specialist multi-day cruises and marine mammal surveys etc); but most resorts offer the chance to have a standard dolphin watching excursion, where they often see one or two of the common (inshore) dolphin species around here. Which we did and saw all three of the commonly seen species. I also kept an eye out for the two different flying foxes in the evenings and it is not too difficult to differentiate between the two based on size alone when in the Maldives.

But of course the real wildlife highlights of the Maldives lies under the surface and the snorkelling and diving is second to none in many parts of the country. We had some incredible snorkelling including swimming with three whale sharks, one of which was easily 8m long and just incredible as it spent around 20 minutes slowly swimming beneath us (only around 4-5m beneath us).

Species List        Maldives Snorkelling in Luxury (honeymoon) Feb 2022

Mammals

  Common Name Binominal Name
 

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1 Small Flying Fox Pteropus hypomelanus
2 Indian Flying Fox Pteropus medius
3 Striped Dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba
4 Spinner Dolphin Stenella longirostris
5 Indo Pacific Bottle-nose Dolphin Tursiops aduncus

Birds

 

  Common Name Binominal Name
 

 

1 Brown noddy Anous stolidus
2 Grey heron Ardea cinerea
3 House crow Corvus splendens
4 Asian koel Eudynamys scolopaceus
5 White tern Gygis alba
6 Bridled tern Onychoprion anaethetus
7 White-tailed tropicbird Phaethon lepturus
8 Little tern Sternula albifrons

 

Reptiles

 

  Common Name Binominal Name
 

 

1 Indian garden lizard Calotes versicolor
2 Green turtle Chelonia mydas
3 Spotted house gecko Hemidactylus parvimaculatus

 

 

Fishes

 

  Common Name Binominal Name
 

 

1 Scissor tail sergeant Abudefduf sexfascistus
2 Orange socket surgeonfish Acanthurus auranticavus
3 Ringtail surgeonfish Acanthurus blochii
4 Powder blue surgeonfish Acanthurus leucosternon
5 Blue lined surgeonfish Acanthurus lineatus
6 Pale surgeonfish Acanthurus mata
6 Convict surgeonfish Acanthurus triostegus
7 Brown eagle ray Aetomylaeus milvus
8 Indo-Pacific bonefish Albula glossodonta
9 Clark’s anemoefish Amphiprion clarkia
10 Maldives anemone fish Amphiprion nigripes
11 Blue-spotted wrasse Anampses caerilopunctatu
12 Small tooth jobfish Aphareus furca
13 Spiny eye cardinal fish Apogon melanorhynchus
14 Spiny -headed cardinalfish Apogon urostigma
15 Green jobfish Aprion veriescens
16 Painted cardinal fish Archamia fucata
17 Stars and stripes pufferfish Arothron hispidus
18 Orange-striped triggerfish Balistapus undulata
19 Lunar fusilier Caesio lunaris
20 Yellow-top fusilier Caesio xanthonota
21 Black saddle pufferfish Canthigaster valentini
22 Barcheek trevally Carangoides plagiotaenia
23 Big eye trevally Caranx sexfasciatus
24 Black-tipped reef shark Carcharhinus melanopterus
25 Yellow angelfish Centropyge flavissima
26 Many spined angelfish Centropyge multispinis
27 Leopard rockcod Cephalophlois leopardus
28 Peacock rockcod Cephalopholis argus
29 Pollen’s rockcod Cephalopholis polleni
30 Chocoloate hind Cephalopod boenak
31 Threadfin butterflyfish Chaetodon auriga
32 Triangular butterflyfish Chaetodon baronessa
33 Lined butterflyfish Chaetodon lineolatus
34 Meyer’s butteflyfish Chaetodon meyeri
35 Spot-naped butterflyfish Chaetodon oxycephalus
36 Collared butterflyfish Chaetodon reticulatus
37 Yellow-headed butterflyfish Chaetodon xanthocephalus
38 Milkfish Chanos chanos
39 Glider flyingfish Cheilopogon atrisignis
40 Spotfin flying fish Cheilopogon furcatus
41 Sutton’s flying fish Cheilopogon suttoni
42 Saddled parrotfish Chlorurus cynanscens
43 Green fin parrotfish Chlorurus sordidus
44 Green parrotfish Chlorusu enneacanthus
45 Yellow-speckled chromis Chromis alpha
46 Black axil chromis Chromis atripectoralis
47 Twotone chroms Chromis dimidiata
48 Swallowtail chromis Chromis tenatensis
49 Clown coris Coris aygula 
50 Batu coris Coris batuensis
51 African wrasse Coris cuvieri
52 Network pipefish Corythoichthys flavofasciatus
53 Fringelip mullet Crenimugil crenilabis
54 Humbug dascyllus Dascyllus aruanus
55 Three-spot dascyllus Dascyllus trimaculatus
56 Slatey sweet lips Diagramma pictum
57 Shark sucker Echeneis naucrates
58 Blue-and-yellow grouper Epinephelus flavocaeruleus
59 Honeycomb rockcod Epinephelus merra
60 Four saddle rockcod Epinephelus spilotoceps
61 Four-saddle rockcod Epinephelus spilotoceps
62 Leopard blenny Exallias brevis
63 Long-nosed butterflyfish Forcipiger flavissimus
64 Delicate blenny Glyptoparus delicatulus
65 scolopsis bilineata Gnathodentex aurolineatus
66 Indian Ocean bird wrasse Gomphosus caeruleus
67 Adorned wrasse Halichoeres cosmetus
68 Goldstripe wrasse Halichoeres hartzfeldii
69 Checkerboard wrasse Halichoeres hortulatus
70 Three-spot wrasse Halichoeres marginatus
71 Zigzag wrasse Halichoeres scapularis
72 Black pyramid butterflyfish Henitaurichthys polyepis
73 Indian Ocean parrotfish Hipposcarus harid
74 Common cleaner wrasse Labroides dimidiatus
75 Wedge-tailed wrasse Labropsis xanthonota
76 Spangled emperor Lethrinus nebulosus
77 Black spot snapper Lutjanus fluviflamma
78 Blue lined snapper Lutjanus kasmira
79 Rainbow runner Maaniyaa mas
80 Black snapper Macolor niger
81 Indo-Pacific tarpon Megalops cyprinoides
82 Indian triggerfish Melichthys indicus
83 Shortthorned Pygmy devil ray Mobula kuhlii
84 Big-eye emperor Monotaxis grandoculis
85 Goldstripe goatfish Mulloidchthys vanicolensis
86 White-margin unicornfish Naso annulatus
87 Humpback unicorn fish Naso brachycentron
88 Big-nosed unicorn fish Naso indicus
89 Clown unicorn fish Naso lituratus
90 Long-nosed unicorn fish Nasobrevirostris
91 Tawny nurse shark Nebrius ferrugineus
92 Black damsel Neoglyphidodon melas
93 Bloodspot squirrelfish Neoniphon sammara
94 Regal damsel Neopomacentrus cyanomos
95 Black tail grunbfish Parapercis hexophthalma
96 Black flag sand perch Parapercis signata
97 Sailfin flyingfish Parexocoetus brachypterus
98 Dash and dot goatfish Parupeneus barbernis
99 Side spot goatfish Parupeneus pleurostigma
100 Circular spadefish batfish Platax orbicularis
101 Longfin spadefish Platax teira
102 Oriental sweet lips Plectorhincus vittatus
103 Jewel damsel Plectroglyphidodon lacrymatus
104 Striped catfish Plotosus lineatus
105 Emporer angelfish Pomacanthus imperator
106 Semicircular angelfish Pomacanthus semicirculatus
107 Blue-faced angelfish Pomacanthus xanthometopon
108 Caerulean damsel Pomacentrus caeruleus
109 Neon damsel Pomacentrus coelestris
110 Indian damsel Pomacentrus indicus
111 Two-spot anthias Pseudanthias bimaculstus
112 Yellow-backed anthias Pseudanthias tuka
113 Regal angelfish Pygolites diacanthus
114 Picasso triggerfish Rhinecathus aculeatus
115 Whale shark Rhyncodon typus
116 Dark-striped squirrel fish Sargocentron praslin
117 Speckled squirrel fish Sargocentron punctatissium
118 Tail barred parrotfish Scarus caudofasciatus
119 Pale-nosed parrotfish Scarus psittacus
120 Dusky capped parrotfish Scarus scaber
121 Tricolor parrotfish Scarus tricolor
122 Two-lined Monocle bream Scolopsis bilineata
123 Robust ghostpipefish Solenostomus cyanopterus
124 Blue-lined wrasse Stethojulis albovittata
125 Cutribon wrasse Stethojulis interrupta
126 Reef needlefish Strongylura incisa
127 Scythe triggerfish Sufflamen bursa
128 Black-spotted stingray Taeniura meyeni
129 Jordan’s damsel Teixeirichthyes jordani
130 Twotonw wrasse Thalassoma amblycephalum
131 Six bar wrasse Thalassoma hardwicke
132 Hebrew wrasse Thalassoma hebraicum
133 Crocodile Longtom Tylosurus crocodils 
134 Mangrove ray Urogymnus granulatus
135 Blue-stripe glider goby Valencienna strigata
136 Moorish idol Zanclus cornutus
137 Brushtail tang Zebrasoma scopas
138 Scissor tail sergeant Abudefduf sexfascistus

 

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